When you lose your teeth, replacing them can keep your life normal, allowing you to maintain your ability to eat and speak properly. Dentures are a common choice for replacing several teeth (a partial denture) or a whole bridge (full dentures).
While they are custom made from impressions of your mouth following tooth extraction, you may still experience problems with fit. Dentures may move around while you eat or even fall out. Oral surgery before getting dentures can help them to fit better.
Surgery preparing your mouth prior to dentures is known as pre-prosthetic surgery. The surgery encompasses several procedures, all of which are minor alterations meant to ensure that your jaw is the right shape and size for your dentures to fit properly.
Smoothing and Reshaping
Extracting teeth can leave sharp, uneven edges. Dentures sit upon the bone ridge, and if they move, they can rub against these edges, leading to sore spots. An alveoloplasty, or smoothing and reshaping of the bone, gets rid of the rough edges, helping to ensure a good fit and prevent sore spots from forming.
Tooth loss can also lead to bumps in the bone and the gum tissue, which can affect the fit of your dentures. Surgery to remove them smoothes out the jaw, thus creating a better fit.
Removing Excess Bone
While small pieces of excess bone don’t pose a problem with dentures, large pieces can harm the fit. Excess bone near the lip or cheek, or even on the inner portion of the jaw near your tongue affects the seal, which may lead to the dentures coming loose and even falling out.
Preventing Bone Loss
Without teeth, your jawbone can suffer deterioration. Deterioration leads to your jaw changing shape, which means that you will need to be refitted for a new set of dentures. Bone and soft tissue grafting can help to reduce the amount of bone lost, which means you won’t need a new set of dentures quite so soon.
If you need dentures, contact our office to see if surgery for a better fit is the right choice.